College of Unani Tibb and Alternative Medicine
Anatomy & Physiology – MODULE THREE
Learning outcomes for this module
On completion of this module you will be able to:
- Identify and discuss the structure and function of individual glands and organs of the endocrine system
- Explain the physiological function of each of the glands and organs of the endocrine system
- Understand the interrelationship between the endocrine system with other systems of the body
- Describe and explain the function of the respiratory system
- Identify the parts of the respiratory system – pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi, and lungs
- Describe and explain the structure and functions of the skin
- Describe the male and female reproductive organs
- Identify the major hormones of the reproductive system
- Identify and discuss the sensory organs of the head – the eyes (vision), ears (hearing), nose (smell) and mouth (taste)
- Explain the structure of the eyes
- Explain the structure of the ears
- Discuss the structure of the hair
- Discuss the structure and purpose of nails
Reading list and Bibliography
We acknowledge the following publications for illustrations used throughout the course notes:
- Ross & Wilson Anatomy and Physiology – In Health and Illness
- Anatomica The Complete Home Medical Reference
- Memmler & Wood Structure & Function of the Human Body
- Black’s Medical Dictionary
- Kasner & Tindall Baillières Nurses Dictionary
We recommend you refer to the course notes in conjunction with at least:
- A & P reference book such as ‘Structure and Function of the Body’ by Thibodeau & Patton
- Black’s Medical Dictionary
You will also find the internet a valuable source of information for Anatomy & Physiology as well as Pathology. There are many books on the market; look around and find those that you feel comfortable with. Don’t get books that are too technical or you will become swamped with information.
As outlined in Module One, at the end of each topic, it is advisable to re-read and make notes or drawings to aid the memory. There are ‘quick quizzes’ included to aid learning. You can do these to check your knowledge; they are not to be handed in for marking.
We recommend you keep a journal of your work; this is a good way of monitoring where you have found information, which books you have used and what pages to look at if you should want that information again.
Quiz And Assignment for Module Three
THE ENDOCRINE SYSTEM
THE RESPIRATORY SYSTEM
The endocrine and reproductive systems are closely related, the latter being triggered by hormones secreted by the former. Hormones most frequently gain entry into organs and tissues by binding a receptor on the surface of the organ or tissue. The hormone acts as a key, known as a ligand, and the receptor as the lock. If the key fits the lock, then metabolic processes are put into place in organs and tissues that influence their metabolism.
THE SENSORY ORGANS OF THE HEAD
With the exception of the sense of touch, the other sensory organs are found in the head. Please refer to the earlier information in this module about the respiratory system for details about the nose.